Cornerstones of Freedom, Second Series, is the updated and newly designed extension of the acclaimed original series. Focusing specifically on key events in American history, from colonial times to the present day, the Cornerstones books support history, social studies, and geography curricula for middle-school students. Each book includes expanded subject coverage, subheadings, informative sidebars, glossary terms, timelines, and additional resources, as well as an attractive new design and dramatic photographs. By the end of July 3,1863, the Civil War had reached a pivotal turning point. By this time, the last shots of the Battle of Gettysburg had been fired, leaving more than 51,000 men killed, wounded, or missing. It was a major victory for the Union, but more importantly, it was a significant loss for the Confederacy, one that greatly impacted the course of the war. Elish describes the events leading up to this important battle as well as the key decisions, military maneuvers, and the central players who were involved.